California must take steps to grow the bilingual teacher workforce
Imagine a classroom with confident and curious learners speaking, reading and writing in two languages. Where children are learning complex science or social science concepts taught in one language, with intentional second language development building on that learning. Where English dominant students build proficiency in Mandarin while building their English skills, and Mandarin dominant students maintain their home language while building English proficiency. Imagine a classroom where students are on a path able to speak, read and write fluently in two or more languages, and are joyfully learning and thriving.
This is the type of education more and more families are demanding for their children. This growing interest is reflected in the overwhelming public support — 73.5 percent — at the ballot box last November for the passage of Proposition 58, the California state ballot initiative that creates more opportunities for bilingual education. But as public schools work to respond to those demands, they are quickly realizing they face a crippling bilingual teacher shortage.
A new report released this week by Californians Together confirms that many districts face a shortage of bilingual teachers, and we expect that the shortage will only become more severe. Eighty six percent of the 111 school districts surveyed for the study said they anticipate major shortages even as they look to adding new bilingual programs. Despite this, few districts have a formal plan to deal with these shortages, which could leave many students without access to the significant benefits of bilingualism.
As more families choose language programs that lead to biliteracy for their children, the state can address this shortage by initially targeting teachers who are bilingual but are teaching in English-only classrooms with the professional development that would prepare them to teach in bilingual settings. Our survey shows that there is a pool of nearly 7,000 teachers in California who are bilingual and are well positioned and motivated to reduce this shortage, if supported with professional development.
However, this is just the beginning. Our state policymakers, institutions of higher education, and our public schools must work together to develop the infrastructure to build a bilingual teacher pipeline that meets the growing demand of families for bilingual education and prepares our students for an increasingly global society.
Gov. Jerry Brown and the Legislature have taken a good first step by providing $5 million in this year’s budget to fund bilingual teacher professional development institutes (AB 952 – Reyes), to help teachers who have bilingual teaching credentials — but are no longer teaching in bilingual settings — transition back to bilingual classrooms.
In addition, local school districts should:
- Identify teachers in their existing workforce who speak more than one language, and who are willing to transition to bilingual classrooms.
- Address the professional development needs of these teachers with Local Control Funding Formula dollars.
- Provide professional development for district and site administrators, who will lead expansion and development of new bilingual programs.
- Work with bargaining units to identify diverse incentives for teachers in bilingual classrooms, such as smaller class size, additional compensation, planning time, and classes to improve their second language.
The state should:
- Work with UC, CSU and private university teacher preparation programs to expand the number of universities offering bilingual certification along with credentialing.
- Waive fees for current native speakers of languages other than English to apply for and receive their bilingual teaching authorization.
- Recruit future bilingual teachers from the over 126,000 students who graduated high school with the State Seal of Biliteracy and are currently in college.
- Ensure that new career technical education (CTE) funding for school districts is used to incentivize and prioritize “Bilingual Teacher” academies for preschool to 12th grade future teachers.
Now is the time to ensure teachers have the professional development they need based on current research, pedagogy and best practices, along with opportunities to strengthen their second language, as well as additional compensation. It is equally imperative that the state begin to lay the foundation for a bilingual teacher pipeline for California’s long-term needs, and support all teachers with the skills and expertise on language development and supporting biliteracy.
As California takes these steps to address the bilingual teacher shortage, the state will serve as an important model of an education system designed to build on our country’s racial, cultural and linguistic strengths in a way that is aligned with science, and is simply good for all children in our state and our nation.
Vickie Ramos Harris is a Fellow with the English Learner Leadership & Legacy Initiative, a Californians Together project in collaboration with the California Association of Bilingual Education.
Shelly Spiegel-Coleman is the Executive Director of Californians Together, a coalition of 23 statewide professional, parent and civil rights organizations focused on improving schooling for English learners.
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